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Shilajit – Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions

Shilajit, known as the ‘conqueror of mountains’, is a potent and widely acclaimed herb in Ayurveda. It is prized for its rejuvenating properties and potential to enhance vitality and well-being.

Here is a comprehensive overview of Shilajit, encompassing its benefits, uses, and side effects.


Shilajit is a sticky, tar-like substance found primarily in the rocks of the Himalayas. It is formed over centuries by the gradual decomposition of certain plants by microorganisms. It’s a potent adaptogen, prized in Ayurveda for its array of health benefits.

Scientific name

Shilajit doesn’t have a specific scientific name, as it is not a plant but a complex mixture of organic humic substances and minerals.

Common names

Shilajit is also known as mineral pitch, mumijo, moomiyo, and mountain tar.

Active constituents

The primary components of Shilajit are fulvic and humic acids, which play crucial roles in its health benefits. It also contains various minerals, including trace elements. 1

Health benefits

Research suggests Shilajit may offer numerous health benefits, such as:

  • Promoting brain function 2
  • Supporting heart health 3
  • Enhancing energy levels 4
  • Boosting male fertility 5
  • Balancing blood sugar levels 6

Traditional uses

Shilajit has been used in Ayurveda for centuries as a Rasayana (rejuvenator) and an adaptogen. It is also used in traditional medicine in many other regions, including central Asia and Eastern Europe.


Shilajit can be consumed in a purified form, typically available in powder, capsule, or resin form. It’s also often included in herbal formulations.


The specific dose may vary depending on the form and concentration of Shilajit, and the individual’s health and wellness needs. A common recommended dose is 300-500 mg per day, but it is advisable to consult a healthcare provider for personalized dosage guidance.


While Shilajit is generally considered safe for most people, there may be potential side effects for some. These could include lightheadedness, dizziness, increased heart rate, or skin rash.


People with active heart disease, gout, or kidney stones should avoid using Shilajit. Pregnant or nursing women, and children should also avoid its use.

Drug interactions

There isn’t enough reliable information to know if Shilajit interacts with other medications. As a precautionary measure, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare provider before using it if you’re on any medication.


Shilajit is contraindicated in individuals with active heart disease, gout, or kidney stones. Additionally, pregnant or breastfeeding women and children should not consume Shilajit.


Store Shilajit in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Be sure to keep it out of reach of children.


As a natural resource, the sustainability of Shilajit depends largely on ethical sourcing practices. Overharvesting or destructive collection methods can harm local ecosystems. When buying Shilajit, look for products from companies that prioritize sustainable and responsible harvesting.


While Shilajit has a unique composition, other adaptogens like Ashwagandha, Rhodiola Rosea, and Ginseng might offer some similar benefits.

Future directions

Given its broad potential health benefits, the future of Shilajit in healthcare looks promising. Its use in functional foods, nutraceuticals, and even in the development of new drugs could be further explored.


This glossary is intended to provide a broad overview of Shilajit and does not constitute medical advice. Always consult a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement or treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Shilajit?

Shilajit is a natural substance that is formed by the compression of organic plant matter and minerals over centuries. It is commonly found in the Himalayan region and is known for its rich mineral content.

What are the main benefits of using Shilajit?

Shilajit is believed to have numerous health benefits, including boosting energy levels, improving cognitive function, enhancing immune system function, promoting detoxification, and supporting sexual health.

How does Shilajit work in the body?

Shilajit contains bioactive compounds such as fulvic acid, humic acid, and trace minerals. These compounds are thought to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and adaptogenic properties, which can help support various bodily functions.

Is Shilajit safe to consume?

Shilajit is generally considered safe for most people when consumed in appropriate doses. However, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

Can Shilajit help with energy and fatigue?

Yes, Shilajit is often used as an energy-boosting supplement. It may help combat fatigue, increase stamina, and improve overall vitality.

Does Shilajit have any benefits for brain health?

Shilajit is believed to have neuroprotective effects and may help enhance cognitive function, memory, and concentration. It is often used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine to support brain health.

How can Shilajit support the immune system?

Shilajit contains minerals and antioxidants that can help strengthen the immune system and promote overall wellness. It may have immune-modulating effects that can support the body’s natural defense mechanisms.

Is Shilajit helpful for joint health?

Shilajit’s anti-inflammatory properties may be beneficial for joint health. It may help reduce inflammation, relieve joint pain, and support joint flexibility and mobility.

Can Shilajit be used for detoxification?

Shilajit is believed to support the body’s natural detoxification processes. Its antioxidant properties can help eliminate harmful toxins and free radicals from the body, promoting overall detoxification.

Does Shilajit have any anti-aging properties?

Shilajit’s antioxidant and rejuvenating properties are often associated with its potential anti-aging effects. It may help reduce the signs of aging, improve skin health, and promote a youthful appearance.

How is Shilajit used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine?

In Ayurveda, Shilajit is considered a potent rasayana (rejuvenating) herb. It is used in various formulations to promote overall health, vitality, and longevity.

Can Shilajit help with male sexual health?

Shilajit is known for its aphrodisiac properties and is often used to support male sexual health. It may help improve libido, enhance fertility, and address certain sexual dysfunctions.

Is Shilajit suitable for women’s health as well?

Yes, Shilajit can be beneficial for women’s health too. It may help balance hormones, support reproductive health, and provide overall wellness benefits.

Can Shilajit be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

It is generally recommended to avoid using Shilajit during pregnancy and breastfeeding due to limited research on its safety in these situations. Consulting with a healthcare professional is advised.

How should Shilajit be consumed?

Shilajit is typically available in resin or powder form. It can be dissolved in warm water or milk and consumed orally. Following the instructions on the product packaging is recommended.

Are there any side effects associated with Shilajit?

Shilajit is generally well-tolerated, but some individuals may experience mild side effects such as an upset stomach or diarrhea. If any adverse reactions occur, it is advisable to discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional.

Can Shilajit interact with medications?

Shilajit may interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners or medications for diabetes. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any supplements you are taking to avoid potential interactions.

Is Shilajit suitable for everyone?

While Shilajit is generally safe for most people, it may not be suitable for individuals with specific health conditions or those taking certain medications. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before starting Shilajit supplementation.

Can Shilajit be used for children?

Shilajit is typically recommended for adult use. Its use in children is not widely studied, and it is best to consult a pediatrician or healthcare professional before considering it for children.

Where can I purchase authentic Shilajit products?

Authentic Shilajit products can be purchased from reputable Ayurvedic stores, natural health stores, or trusted online retailers. It is important to ensure the product is sourced from a reliable and reputable manufacturer.


  1. Agrawal, N., Bhardwaj, A., Bhattacharya, S., & Pal, A. D. (2018). Fulvic acid and its bioactive constituents in human health and disease. Journal of adenosine and adenosine receptors, 1(2), 53-59.[]
  2. Malik, Z. A., Kumar, A., Bhushan, S., Mondhe, D. M., Pal, H. C., & Sharma, P. R. (2012). Reactive oxygen species generation and mitochondrial dysfunction in the apoptotic cell death of human myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells by a dietary compound withaferin A with concomitant protection by N-acetyl cysteine. Apoptosis, 12(11), 2115–2133.[]
  3. Joukar, S., Najafipour, H., Khaksari, M., Sepehri, G., Shahrokhi, N., Dabiri, S., … & Hasanzadeh, S. (2014). Cardioprotective effect of mumie (shilajit) on experimentally induced myocardial injury. Cardiovascular toxicology, 14(3), 214-221.[]
  4. Surapaneni, D. K., Adapa, S. R., Preeti, K., Teja, G. R., Veeraragavan, M., & Krishnamurthy, S. (2012). Shilajit attenuates behavioral symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome by modulating the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis and mitochondrial bioenergetics in rats. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 143(1), 91-99.[]
  5. Biswas, T. K., Pandit, S., Mondal, S., Biswas, S. K., Jana, U., Ghosh, T., … & Auddy, B. (2010). Clinical evaluation of spermatogenic activity of processed Shilajit in oligospermia. Andrologia, 42(1), 48-56.[]
  6. Trivedi, N. A., Mazumdar, B., Bhatt, J. D., & Hemavathi, K. G. (2004). Effect of shilajit on blood glucose and lipid profile in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 36(6), 373.[]