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Giloy – Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions

Giloy, also known as Tinospora cordifolia or Guduchi, is a perennial climber native to the tropical regions of India. It’s recognized as one of the most versatile and vital Ayurvedic herbs due to its potential medicinal properties. 1

Culinary Uses

Giloy is not typically used in culinary practices. It is more commonly consumed in the form of juice, powder, or capsules for its alleged health benefits. 2

Traditional Medicine Use

Giloy has been used in Ayurveda for its purported antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-arthritic properties. It is also believed to improve digestion and boost immunity. 3

Active Compounds

The primary active constituents of Giloy are alkaloids, lactones, and glycosides, which are believed to confer its therapeutic properties. 4

Supplement Forms

Giloy is available in various forms, including capsules, tablets, juices, and powders. It can also be consumed as a decoction made from its stem and leaves. 5


Cultivation of Giloy requires specific environmental conditions, primarily tropical climates. Organic farming methods and sustainable harvesting are necessary to avoid overexploitation and ensure ecological balance. 6


While Giloy’s unique medicinal profile makes it difficult to replace, certain herbs like Ashwagandha or Tulsi share some similar properties and may serve as alternatives for some uses. 7

Research Status

Research on Giloy is still ongoing, and while some studies have shown potential benefits in areas such as immune boosting, stress reduction, and anti-inflammatory effects, more high-quality human trials are needed to substantiate these claims. 8

Future Directions

The therapeutic potential of Giloy in various diseases is an area of active research. It’s being investigated for potential use in diabetes management, respiratory illnesses, and boosting overall immunity, among other areas. 9


This glossary serves as a broad overview of Giloy and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement or treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Giloy?

Giloy, also known as Tinospora cordifolia, is an Ayurvedic herb widely used in traditional medicine. It is also referred to as “Amrita” or the “root of immortality.”

What are the health benefits of Giloy?

Giloy is believed to possess various health benefits, including boosting immunity, supporting respiratory health, promoting digestion, detoxifying the body, and improving liver function.

Can Giloy help in managing fever?

Yes, Giloy is traditionally used to manage fever. It exhibits antipyretic properties and may help reduce body temperature during fevers like dengue, malaria, or viral infections.

How can Giloy be consumed?

Giloy can be consumed in various forms, including fresh stem juice, powdered form, or as part of herbal formulations. It is often consumed as a decoction or mixed with other herbs to enhance its efficacy.

Is Giloy beneficial for boosting immunity?

Yes, Giloy is known for its immunomodulatory properties. It helps strengthen the immune system, making it more resistant to infections and illnesses.

Can Giloy be used for respiratory health issues?

Giloy is considered beneficial for respiratory health. It may help alleviate symptoms of respiratory conditions like asthma, cough, and cold. Its anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties may help clear respiratory passages and reduce congestion.

Is Giloy safe for long-term use?

Giloy is generally safe for long-term use when taken in recommended doses. However, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

Can Giloy help in managing diabetes?

Giloy may assist in managing diabetes by helping regulate blood sugar levels. It can potentially enhance insulin secretion and improve insulin sensitivity. However, it should not replace standard medical treatment, and consultation with a healthcare professional is essential.

Does Giloy have any impact on liver health?

Giloy is known to support liver health. It exhibits hepatoprotective properties, helps detoxify the liver, and promotes the regeneration of liver cells. It may be beneficial in managing liver disorders.

Is Giloy effective for managing arthritis?

Giloy possesses anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce joint pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. It can be used internally or applied topically to support joint health.

Can Giloy be used for digestive issues?

Yes, Giloy is known to promote digestion and improve gut health. It can help relieve digestive disorders like indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea. It may also enhance nutrient absorption and support a healthy gut microbiome.

Does Giloy have any antioxidant properties?

Giloy exhibits potent antioxidant activity, helping neutralize harmful free radicals in the body. Antioxidants in Giloy can protect cells from oxidative stress and contribute to overall well-being.

Can Giloy be used for managing stress and anxiety?

Giloy is considered an adaptogenic herb, which means it may help the body adapt to stress and promote overall balance. It may have a calming effect on the nervous system, reducing stress and anxiety.

Is Giloy safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women?

Giloy should be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using Giloy in these situations to ensure safety and appropriate dosage.

Can Giloy be used for skin health?

Giloy has been traditionally used for skin-related issues. It may help manage skin disorders like eczema, psoriasis, or acne due to its anti-inflammatory and detoxifying properties. However, individual responses may vary, and professional advice is recommended.

Does Giloy have any anti-cancer properties?

Giloy has been studied for its potential anti-cancer properties. It may help inhibit the growth of cancer cells, reduce chemotherapy-induced side effects, and enhance the effectiveness of cancer treatment. However, more research is needed in this area.

Can Giloy be used for weight management?

Giloy alone is not a weight-loss solution. However, its ability to support digestion, detoxification, and overall well-being may indirectly contribute to a healthy weight management plan when combined with a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Is Giloy suitable for children?

Giloy can be used for children, but it is important to consult a pediatrician or a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate dosage and ensure safety.

Can Giloy be used alongside medications?

Giloy may interact with certain medications. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using Giloy alongside other medications to avoid any potential interactions or adverse effects.

Is Giloy suitable for everyone?

Giloy is generally safe for most individuals when taken in recommended doses. However, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using Giloy supplements, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.


  1. Singh, S., Gupta, S., & Sabir, G. (2014). Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of flavonoids of Tinospora cordifolia. Ethnobotanical Leaflets, 12, 841-844.[]
  2. Upadhyay, A. K., Kumar, K., Kumar, A., & Mishra, H. S. (2010). Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f. and Thoms. (Guduchi)–validation of the Ayurvedic pharmacology through experimental and clinical studies. International Journal of Ayurveda Research, 1(2), 112.[]
  3. Sharma, V., Pandey, D. (2010). Beneficial effects of Tinospora cordifolia on blood profiles in male mice exposed to lead. Toxicology International, 17(1), 8-11.[]
  4. Panchabhai, T. S., Kulkarni, P. H., & Rege, N. N. (2008). Validation of therapeutic claims of Tinospora cordifolia: a review. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 22(4), 425-441.[]
  5. Dhama, K., Sachan, S., Khandia, R., Munjal, A., Iqbal, H. M. N., Latheef, S. K., … & Joshi, S. K. (2018). Medicinal and therapeutic potential of herbs and plant metabolites/extracts countering viral pathogens–current knowledge and future prospects. Current drug metabolism, 19(3), 236-263.[]
  6. Mishra, A., Kumar, S., Bhargava, A., Sharma, B., & Pandey, A. K. (2011). Studies on in vitro antioxidant and antistaphylococcal activities of some important medicinal plants. Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France), 57(1), 16-25.[]
  7. Tiwari, M., Dwivedi, U. N., & Kakkar, P. (2014). Tinospora cordifolia extract modulates COX-2, iNOS, ICAM-1, pro-inflammatory cytokines and redox status in murine model of asthma. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 153(2), 326-337.[]
  8. Biswas, S., Khuda-Bukhsh, A. R. (2004). Effect of a homeopathic drug, Tinospora cordifolia, in the mitigation of experimentally induced hepatic carcinogenesis in rats. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2(3), 139-146.[]
  9. Singh, S. S., Pandey, S. C., Srivastava, S., Gupta, V. S., Patro, B., & Ghosh, A. C. (2003). Chemistry and medicinal properties of Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi). Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 35(2), 83-91.[]