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Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar – Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is a type of vinegar made from fermented apple juice. Its sour taste comes from the combination of acetic acid and malic acid it contains. ACV has been utilized for centuries as a food ingredient and traditional remedy. 1

Culinary Uses

Apple Cider Vinegar is widely used in cooking, particularly in salad dressings, marinades, and pickling. It adds a tangy flavor to foods and can be used as a meat tenderizer. 2

Traditional Medicine Use

Historically, ACV has been used for a variety of health purposes, including weight loss, improved digestion, and blood sugar regulation. It’s also been applied topically for skin health. 3

Active Compounds

The primary active compound in ACV is acetic acid, which is thought to be responsible for many of its potential health benefits. It also contains other beneficial substances like antioxidants and amino acids. 4

Supplement Forms

In addition to its liquid form, ACV is available as a dietary supplement in capsule or tablet form. Some people prefer these formats as they don’t have the strong taste associated with liquid vinegar. 5


Apple Cider Vinegar is made from fermented apples, a renewable resource. Production practices are generally sustainable, provided that apple cultivation is carried out responsibly. 6


Other types of vinegar such as white vinegar or balsamic vinegar can be used in cooking as alternatives to ACV. However, their health benefits may vary. 7

Research Status

Several studies suggest that ACV could aid in weight loss, improve digestion, and help regulate blood sugar levels. However, more research is needed to confirm these effects and establish safe and effective dosages. 8

Future Directions

Further research is underway to investigate other potential benefits of ACV, including its effects on heart health, skin health, and more. 9


This glossary serves as a broad overview of Apple Cider Vinegar and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement or treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Apple Cider Vinegar?

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is a type of vinegar made from fermented apple cider. It is known for its acidic properties and various health benefits.

How is Apple Cider Vinegar made?

Apple Cider Vinegar is made by fermenting crushed apples with yeast and bacteria, converting the sugars into alcohol. Then, the alcohol undergoes a second fermentation process, turning it into acetic acid, the main component of vinegar.

What are the health benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar?

Apple Cider Vinegar is believed to have several health benefits, including aiding in weight management, promoting digestion, reducing blood sugar levels, improving skin health, and supporting detoxification.

How should Apple Cider Vinegar be consumed?

Apple Cider Vinegar can be consumed by diluting it in water and drinking it. The recommended ratio is usually 1-2 tablespoons of ACV diluted in a glass of water. It can also be used in salad dressings or as a natural food preservative.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar help with weight loss?

Apple Cider Vinegar is often used as a part of weight management plans. It may help promote satiety, reduce appetite, and boost metabolism. However, it is important to note that it is not a magical solution and should be combined with a healthy diet and exercise.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar beneficial for digestion?

Yes, Apple Cider Vinegar is believed to aid digestion by stimulating the production of digestive enzymes and improving stomach acid levels. It may help relieve indigestion, bloating, and heartburn.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar lower blood sugar levels?

Apple Cider Vinegar has been shown to have a positive impact on blood sugar control. It may help lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity, making it beneficial for individuals with diabetes or insulin resistance.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar good for skin health?

Apple Cider Vinegar can be used topically on the skin to help balance pH levels, reduce acne, and soothe skin irritations. However, it is important to dilute it before applying to avoid skin irritation.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar be used for hair care?

Apple Cider Vinegar can be used as a hair rinse to improve scalp health, remove build-up, and add shine to the hair. It is diluted with water and used after shampooing.

Does Apple Cider Vinegar have any side effects?

While Apple Cider Vinegar is generally safe, excessive consumption or undiluted use can lead to side effects such as tooth enamel erosion, throat irritation, and digestive discomfort. It is important to use it in moderation and dilute it properly.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar interact with medications?

Apple Cider Vinegar may interact with certain medications, particularly those that lower blood sugar or potassium levels. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional if you are taking any medications before consuming ACV regularly.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?

It is generally safe to consume Apple Cider Vinegar in moderate amounts during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar be used for detoxification?

Apple Cider Vinegar is often included in detoxification protocols due to its potential to support liver function and aid in digestion. However, detoxification should be approached with caution and under professional guidance.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar help with heartburn or acid reflux?

Although it may seem counterintuitive, Apple Cider Vinegar can actually help alleviate heartburn or acid reflux for some individuals. It helps balance stomach acid levels, but individual responses may vary, and it may not work for everyone.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar be used as a natural cleaning agent?

Yes, Apple Cider Vinegar can be used as a natural cleaning agent due to its antimicrobial properties. It can be used for cleaning surfaces, removing stains, and eliminating odors.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar effective for managing cholesterol levels?

While some studies suggest that Apple Cider Vinegar may help reduce cholesterol levels, the evidence is limited and more research is needed to establish its effectiveness. It should not be relied upon as the sole treatment for high cholesterol.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar be used to treat fungal infections?

Apple Cider Vinegar has antifungal properties and can be used topically to treat certain fungal infections like athlete’s foot or toenail fungus. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar suitable for everyone?

Apple Cider Vinegar may not be suitable for everyone, especially those with certain medical conditions such as gastroparesis, kidney disease, or low potassium levels. It is best to consult a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or pre-existing conditions.

Can Apple Cider Vinegar help with bad breath?

Apple Cider Vinegar’s acidic nature can help neutralize bad breath-causing bacteria in the mouth. However, it should be used in diluted form as a mouth rinse and not excessively, as it can erode tooth enamel.

Is Apple Cider Vinegar effective for relieving arthritis pain?

There is limited scientific evidence to support the use of Apple Cider Vinegar for arthritis pain relief. While it may have some anti-inflammatory properties, it is not considered a primary treatment for arthritis. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for appropriate arthritis management strategies.


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  4. Halima, B. H., Sonia, G., Sarra, K., Houda, B. J., Fethi, B. S., & Abdallah, A. Apple cider vinegar attenuates oxidative stress and reduces the risk of obesity in high-fat-fed male wistar rats. Journal of Medicinal Food, 20(1), 70-78 (2017).[]
  5. Kondo, T., et al. Vinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjects. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 73(8), 1837-1843 (2009).[]
  6. Kalman, D. S., Feldman, S., & Scheinberg, A. R. Effects of a proprietary blend of apple cider vinegar and fermented ginger on body weight, waist circumference, appetite, and self-reported mood changes in overweight and obese adults. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 1-10 (2021).[]
  7. Petsiou, E. I., Mitrou, P. I., Raptis, S. A., & Dimitriadis, G. D. Effect and mechanisms of action of vinegar on glucose metabolism, lipid profile, and body weight. Nutrition Reviews, 72(10), 651-661 (2014).[]
  8. Johnston, C. S., Steplewska, I., Long, C. A., Harris, L. N., & Ryals, R. H. Examination of the antiglycemic properties of vinegar in healthy adults. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 56(1), 74-79 (2010).[]
  9. Shishehbor, F., Mansoori, A., & Shirani, F. Vinegar consumption can attenuate postprandial glucose and insulin responses; a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 127, 1-9 (2017).[]